James Madison, Jr.

George Washington

(1751-1836)


James Madison, known as the Father of the Constitution, was born to a wealthy Virginia family.

After attending the College of New Jersey, Madison became involved in the revolutionary cause, thereby entering state and local politics.

In 1780, Madison was chosen to serve in the Continental Congress, where he played a major role.

He was one of the most influential voices calling for a constitutional convention.

Madison came to the Philadelphia Convention with a plan for the new government, took extensive notes on the proceedings, spoke more than 150 times, and worked tirelessly on various committees.

As one of the authors of The Federalist, Madison was also a key figure in the battle for ratification.

Following the convention, Madison served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, helping to frame the Bill of Rights and organize the executive department.

Under Jefferson, Madison served as secretary of state.

He then succeeded Jefferson as president.

In retirement, Madison continued to speak out on public issues.

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