60-Second Civics

Monday, January 25
   Daily civics quiz
Which of the following describes an executive memorandum?


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About the Podcast: 60-Second Civics is a daily podcast that provides a quick and convenient way for listeners to learn about our nation’s government, the Constitution, and our history. The podcast explores themes related to civics and government, the constitutional issues behind the headlines, and the people and ideas that formed our nation’s history and government.

60-Second Civics is produced by the Center for Civic Education. The show's content is primarily derived from the Center’s education for democracy curricula, including We the People: The Citizen and the Constitution, Foundations of Democracy, and Elements of Democracy.

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Get Involved: Join the conversation about each episode on Twitter. Or you can contact the show by emailing Mark Gage. Let me know what you think!

You Can Help: 60-Second Civics is supported by private donations. You can help keep the podcasts coming by donating, buying an ebook, or by writing a nice review in iTunes to help others discover the show. We love our listeners. You are the reason we created the podcast. Thank you for your kind support!

The theme music for 60-Second Civics is provided by Cheryl B. Engelhardt. You can find her online at cbemusic.com. The song featured on the podcast is Cheryl B. Engelhardt's "Complacent," which you purchase on iTunes, along with all of Cheryl's music.

Looking for a particular episode? Search by keyword here:

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60-Second Civics: Episode 4236, Three Types of Executive Actions
Today we learn the difference between three types of executive actions: executive orders, executive memoranda, and presidential proclamations.

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60-Second Civics: Episode 4235, How Recent Presidents Began Their Administrations
It is hard to compare different presidents' performance in their first 100 days. The numbers of laws and executive orders signed by the president in their first 100 days varies quite a lot, and these do not have equal weight: some laws and executive orders are more impactful than others. Furthermore, presidents may or may not have majority support in Congress, and the sizes of their majorities varies.

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60-Second Civics: Episode 4234, What Can a President Accomplish in 100 Days?
Why do presidents rely so heavily on executive orders during their first 100 days in office? We examine this question and learn about the standard set by FDR during his first 100 days as president on today's podcast.

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60-Second Civics: Episode 4233, A President's First 100 Days
FDR faced the Great Depression and a banking crisis when he assumed office. Joe Biden faces the challenge of COVID-19 and a struggling economy. FDR's aggressive response within the first 100 days of his inauguration set the standard for every president after him.

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60-Second Civics: Episode 4232, The Role of Former Presidents in American Society
In modern times, former presidents have largely chosen to engage in public service, but they have also sought to improve their reputations.

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60-Second Civics: Episode 4231, Inauguration Day
Technological advances in the early twentieth century allowed for ballots to be counted more quickly and reduced the time it took for legislators to travel from their states to the capital. As a result, the Twentieth Amendment was ratified in 1933, allowing for a newly elected or re-elected president and members of Congress to begin serving their terms shortly after being elected, reducing the amount of time "lame-duck" officials remain in office.

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60-Second Civics: Episode 4230, The Troubled Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln
You might be tempted to think that Wednesday's inauguration of Joe Biden is the most troubled in history, but it is not. Today we look at the first inauguration of Abraham Lincoln and remember Lincoln's words as an inspiration for the future of our diverse union.

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60-Second Civics: Episode 4229, The Power to Investigate: How Congress Works, Part 23
Congress has conducted hundreds of investigations since 1792.

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60-Second Civics: Episode 4228, The Authority of Congress to Conduct Investigations: How Congress Works, Part 22
Even though it's not mentioned in the Constitution, Congress has the authority to carry out investigations.

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60-Second Civics: Episode 4227, Lobbying: How Congress Works, Part 21
Today's podcast explains the practice of lobbying and the requirements of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995.


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