Lesson 6: What were the first state governments like?
bill of rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution. It lists some basic rights of the people that the federal government may not interfere with and must protect.checks and balances
The sharing and balancing of power among different branches of government so no one branch can completely control the others.executive branch
The branch of government that carries out the laws made by the legislative branch.higher law
A set of laws that are superior to other laws. For example, the U.S. Constitution is a higher law than any federal or state law.judicial branch
The branch of government that interprets and applies the laws and settles disputes.legislative branch
The branch of government that makes the laws.separation of powers
The division of powers among the different branches of government. In the United States, powers are divided among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.